(VELINO) Roma, 21 Nov - Italy's world of science and researchhas established a partnership with Japan to study earthquakes.The Italian National Institute of Nuclear Physics and theNational Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology signed amemorandum of understanding with the Earthquake ResearchInstitute of the University of Tokyo at the Muographer 2014workshop at the Italian Embassy in Tokyo. The ceremony wasattended by Italian Ambassador in Tokyo, Domenico Giorgi, andthe Ambassador for Scientific and Technological Cooperation ofJapan's Foreign Ministry, Makoto Katsura. The aim is toestablish an institutional collaboration in this field ofresearch. Italy and Japan share similar geological phenoma,including earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, and are at theforefront of theoretical and experimental studies. The workshoplooked at recent studies of detection techniques of elementaryparticles, muons and neutrinos, in geophysics and volcanology,to further research and technological innovation in thesefields. The workshop presented a new technique which attemptsto "see inside" volcanoes by using the penetration capacity ofmuons, particles generated by cosmic rays, through thick layersof rock. This technique makes it possible to understand theinternal structures and the dynamics of magma in volcanoes andunderstand the mechanisms that cause eruptions. vel.